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Tribute & Best off Sukhoi-MK-27 to..37, Jet Fighter in action.
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Military aviation jet fighter..
- Avec l'arrivée aux États-Unis de nouveaux missile de croisière, l'Armée de l'air soviétique devait pouvoir disposer d'un chasseur capable, entre autres, d'intercepter toute menace loin des frontières de l'Union des républiques socialistes soviétiques. Un vol de plusieurs heures étant nécessaire à une interception lointaine, on décida de rajouter un membre d'équipage en tandem et une perche de ravitaillement en vol. Les ingénieurs choisirent le Su-27UB (version biplace d'entraînement) rebaptisé Su-27PU, comme base pour le nouvel avion, les travaux débutèrent en 1986 à l'usine Soukhoï IAPO à Irkoutsk. Il se différencie aussi du Su-27UB de base par l'adoption d'un nouveau système d'armement comprenant un capteur optronique frontal analogue au Su-27 et permettant l'acquisition de cibles à longue portée. Ils possèdent des capacités tout-temps, un radar à balayage électronique, suivi de terrain, etc. Le Su-30 assure des missions de supériorité aérienne, dissuasion nucléaire, frappe stratégique, interdiction, CAS, suppression de défenses antiaériennes, lutte anti-navire.
- The Su-30MKI was jointly designed by Russia's Sukhoi Corporation and India's Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL). The MKI's airframe evolved from that of the Sukhoi Su-27 while most of the avionics were developed by India. The Su-30MKI is reputed to be more advanced than the basic Su-30MK, the Chinese Su-30MKK/MK2, and the Malaysian Su-30MKM. It features state of the art avionics developed by Russia, India and Israel which includes display, navigation, targeting and electronic warfare systems. Some avionics suites used in the aircraft were also sourced from France and South Africa.
After 2 years of evaluation and negotiations, India signed a US$1.462 billion deal with the Sukhoi Corporation on 30 November 1996 for the delivery of 50 Su-30MKI aircraft in five batches. The first batch were 8 Su-30MKs, the basic version of Su-30. The second batch were to be 10 Su-30Ks with French and Israeli avionics. The third batch were to be 10 Su-30MKIs featuring canard foreplanes. The fourth batch of 12 Su 30MKIs and final batch of 10 Su-30MKIs aircraft all were to have the AL-31FP turbofans. These 50 aircraft were made by Sukhoi in Russia.
In October 2000, a MoU (Memorandum of Understanding) was signed confirming the license production of 140+ Su-30MKIs in India and in December 2000, the deal was sealed at Russia's Irkutsk aircraft plant, with full technology transfer. The first Su-30MKIs from Nasik were to be delivered from 2004, with the staged production until 2017--18. However in November 2002, the delivery schedule was expedited with production to be completed in ten years -- by 2014-15 -- by increasing the annual rate of production from 10 to 14 aircraft annually. An estimated 920 AL-31FP turbofans are to be manufactured at HAL's Koraput Division, while the mainframe and other accessories are to be manufactured at HAL's Divisions in Lucknow and Hyderabad. Final integration of the aircraft and its test flight are to be carried out at HAL's Nasik Division. The MKI production was planned to be done in four phases: Phase I, II, III and IV respectively.
In 2007, another order of 40 Su-30MKIs was placed. In 2009, the planned fleet strength was to be 230 aircraft. In 2008, Samtel HAL Display Systems (SHDS), a joint venture between Samtel Display Systems and HAL, won a contract to develop and manufacture multi-function avionics displays for the MKI. A helmet mounted display, Topsight-I, based on technology from Thales and developed by SHDS will be integrated on the Su-30MKI in the next upgrade.
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